Greek Playwrights

Famous Greek Authors and Play writes.

Sophocles; 497 – 405 BC

Sophocles was the second of the three ancient Greek tragedians whose work has survived. His first plays were written later than those of Aeschylus and earlier than those of Euripides. According to the Suda, a 10th century encyclopedia, Sophocles wrote 123 plays during the course of his life, but only seven have survived in a complete form:

Ajax. (440BC)

Antigone. (442BC)

Trachinian Women. (430 BC)

Electra (410 BC)

Oedipus the King (409? BC)

Philoctetes. (409 BC)

Oedipus at Colonus. (405 BC)

For almost 50 years, Sophocles was the most-awarded playwright in the dramatic competitions of the city-state ofAthens that took place during the religious festivals of the Lenaea and the Dionysia. Sophocles’ first artistic triumph was in 468 BC when he took first prize in the Dionysia theatre competition over the reigning master of Athenian drama, Aeschylus. Sophocles competed in around 30 competitions; he won perhaps 24 and never received lower than second place.

The most famous of Sophocles’ tragedies are those concerning Oedipus and Antigone: these are often known as the Theban plays, although each play was actually a part of different tetralogy, the other members of which are now lost. Sophocles influenced the development of the drama. Among Sophocles’ earliest innovations was the addition of a third actor, which further reduced the role of the chorus and created greater opportunity for character development and conflict between characters. He developed his characters to a greater extent than earlier playwrights such as Aeschylus.

Aeschylus: Born Elefsina  525BC

7 of 74 of his works are preserved today.

1.     The Persans (472BC)

2.     The Seven against Thebes (467BC)

3.     The suppliants (464BC)

4.     Agamemnon (458BC)

5.     The libation – Bearers (458BC)

6.     Eumendis (458BC)

7.     Promethes Bound (431BC)

Euripides : Born 480BC Halandi, Athens. Died 406BC

19 of 72 works are save (18 tragedies and 1 drama)

1.     Rhesus (450BC)

2.     Alcestis (438BC)

3.     Medea (431BC)

4.     Heracles Children (430BC)

5.     Hippolytus (428BC)

6.     Hecuba (424BC)

7.     Andromache (427-416BC)

8.     The suppliants (422BC)

9.     Harcales (422-416BC)

10.     Helectra (420-410BC)

11.     The Trojan women (415BC)

12.     Helen (412BC)

13.     Ion (414-412BC)

14.     Iphigenia in tourus (413-412BC)

15.     The Phoenician women (410-409BC)

16.     Iphigenia in Arlis (410BC)

17.     The Bacchae (410BC)

18.     The Cyclops (408BC)

19.     Orestes (408BC)

Aristophes: Born Athens 452 BC, Died A gina 385BC

1.     The acharnians

2.     The Knights

3.     The Wasps (422BC)

4.     Peace (421BC)

5.     The Clouds (419BC)

6.     The Birds (414BC)

7.     The Thesmophoriazousse (411BC)

8.     The Frogs (405 BC)

9.     The Ecclessiazousse (390BC)

10.     Plutus (380BC)

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